The Internet of Things refers to all the physical devices, buildings, vehicles and other objects that can be connected together wirelessly. Once connected they can better work in harmony together or can exchange data and learn from and assist one another. The building heating system becomes more efficient as it receives data from other sensors, the fridge changes the weekly supermarket delivery order to include extra wine, and the garage door opens because the electric gate has just been opened by the homeowner.
This goes far beyond IoT networks that connect devices around the home or office environment. IoT connectivity is everywhere you look, and involves machine-to-machine communication. IoT solutions are built on cloud computing and the gathering of data by sensors, producing instantaneous connections between all our smart devices.
The Internet of Things is set to make everything in our lives ‘smart’, and it is not just the machines that are in our lives that are smart but the sensors that enable communication between the devices. IoT sensors gather information, evaluate data, and report back to both the machines in question as well as ourselves. This leveraging of data made possible by Internet of Things sensors is what IoT tech is really about; cloud-based applications being used to interpret masses of data and information.
Internet of things connectivity relies on cloud-based applications to work anytime and anywhere in the world. IoT suppliers are busy making the world not just a smarter place to live in, but also a safer place. Take a brand new road bridge. Whereas in the past, a bridge may have developed cracks that went unnoticed, when a bridge is constructed with built-in sensors that detect cracks and warpages, the possibility of a bridge collapsing one day is greatly reduced.
The same smart bridge can communicate to you when there is ice on the surface, sending a message to your car that will alert you to slow down and take care. Traffic lights can also be smart, and you can even find yourself being rerouted when travelling as smart sensors will alert you to an accident ahead. Cars are becoming smart cars, and with real-time responses, our cities are quickly becoming smart cities.
Closer to home, Internet of Things applications can make your home a safer, more comfortable, and more environmentally-friendly place to live in. Internet of things home automation can ensure doors close and lock behind you, and Internet of Things solutions for home safety can include real-time home monitoring from remote locations. These new Internet of things companies can transform your house into a smart home, allowing you to save money on your lighting and fuel costs, clever IoT systems adjusting your heating settings according to the online weather forecast.
IoT standards are commonplace within business, and monitoring systems for energy use that are now standard in offices can allow you to monitor energy use in all areas of a building. Many people may believe that IoT systems are simply things such as surround sound cinema experience for your lounge room, or a smart fridge that reminds you to stock up on milk. These are just two examples of smart appliances you may find within a smart home, and smart technology covers far more areas than you may be aware of. Everything from doors, gates, windows and blinds to CCTV, lights, smoke and CO2 sensors.
Healthcare Internet of Things is another area that is extremely prominent and important, smart pills and home equipment for healthcare such as portable x-ray machines being two more. A smart sensor worn on your body can let you and your doctor know how you are reacting to medication, and hooked up to a smart watch or your mobile device, you will never forget to take a tablet again.
The Internet of Things is surely far bigger than even the installation companies realise, the possibilities for transforming our world into a smart world are simply endless.